@ : Home > Reasoning > Coded Inequalities > Tricks and Shortcuts Coded Inequality is an important topic for competitive exams especially for banking exams like IBPS and SBI PO and Clerk exam. Reasoning section usually carries 5-6 questions from this topic. In order to ensure that the candidate is able to solve questions on coded inequalities in less than a minute, we have compiled this article which will bring forth the concept and tricks.

Decoding inequality signs:

Before, we proceed further, we should know how to correctly decode the signs. The following table shows different signs and their meanings:-

SIGNSMEANING
>

means Greater than,

Neither smaller nor equal

<

Smaller than, less than,

Neither greater nor equal

=

Equal to,

Neither greater nor smaller

Either smaller or equal to,

Not greater than

Either greater or equal to, Not smaller than

How to solve questions on coded inequalities in reasoning section?

When solving inequalities, we will consider the following cases:-

Case 1: Equal to

The first step in every equation is to ignore equal. Yes ignore. Please read the following example to know why we want you to ignore ‘equal to’ sign:

Example 1: A =B <C =D

Therefore, B < D

Example 2: A < B =C

Therefore, A < C. (A is the smallest)

Case 2: Same Sign

When same sign repeats itself again and again, then such sign would be the answer.

Example 3: A < B < C < D

Therefore, A < D. (A is the smallest)

Example 4: A= B ≥ C = D ≥ E

Therefore, A ≥ E

Case 3: Common Sign

(= is never considered as a common sign). So, the first thing to be done is to ignore (=) as ignore told in Case 1.

Example 5: A < B ≤ C

Therefore, A < C.(A is the smallest)

Example 6: A ≥ B > C = D ≥ E > F

Therefore, A > F.

Case 4 : Opposite sign

Whenever there are opposite sign there are 3 possibilities.

For instance, A > B ≤ C (No relation), there will be 3 possibilities:

A = C

A > C

A < C

We can even understand it in another way

A > B

C ≥ B

So, no relationship can be found between A and C.

 SIGN POSSIBILITIES ≤ <, = ≥ ≥, = = <, >, =

Example 7: A < B ≤ C = D ≤ E

Conclusion 1: A < E

Conclusion 2: A ≤ E

Conclusion 3: A > D

Conclusion 4: B = E

Which conclusion(s) follow(s)?

In this example, only Conclusion 1 follows.

Conclusion 2 is wrong because common sign between A and E is <.

Conclusion 3 is wrong because A < D.

Conclusion 4 is wrong because B ≤ E. ( B = E is just a possibility)

How to solve Possibilities?

There can be 2 cases:

1. Either - or

If two possibilities are given in the conclusions and both such conclusions have the same variable, we apply ‘either or’ between the conclusions. This means at a time one of the two conclusions will surely be true.

This is the most tricky type of snaswer. Let's have a look at the following example in order to understand this point:-

Example 8: A < B ≤ C > D = E ≤ F

Conclusion 1: A ≤ D

Conclusion 2 : A > D

Conclusion 3: A =D

Conclusion 4: A ≤ C

In this case correct answer will be Either 1 or 2 follows because there are opposite signs between A and D ( <, ≤, >). So, in this case there will be 3 possibilities as explained earlier.

Since all the three possibilities are present in conclusion 1 or 2, we apply either or case.

Let us now consider another example:

Example 9: A < B ≥ C =E = F > D

Option 1: A < C

Option 2: A > C

Option 3: F ≥ B

Option 4 : D < F

In this correct answer will be Option 4.

In option 1 & option 2, we cannot apply either or case because only 2 possibilities are given but according to the questions, there can be 3 possibilities between A and C.

1. Wrong

If all the possible possibilities are not given the conclusion i.e only some of the possibilities are given, then those conclusions will be considered wrong.

Solved Examples of Coded Inequality for Reasoning Section:

Now, we solve one miscellaneous question to thoroughly understand the concept:

Example 10:

X @ Y means X is not smaller than Y

X % Y means X is not greater than Y

X \$ Y means X is neither smaller than nor greater than Y

X # Y means X is neither greater than nor equal to Y

X * Y means X is neither smaller than nor equal to Y

Statements: W % E, P % E, P @ S.

Conclusions:

I: S * E.

1. W \$ S
 A. Only conclusion I follows B. Only conclusion II follows C. Both conclusion I and conclusion II follow D. Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows E. Either conclusion I or conclusion II follows

Correct Ans: D

W % E implies W < E

P % E implies P < E

P @ S implies P > S

Hence, the consolidated relationship is E > P > S and E > W

Conclusion I: S * E implies S > E, which is definitely false.

Conclusion II: W \$ S implies W = S, which may or may not be true as the relationship between S and W cannot be established.

Hence, neither conclusion follows.

Hence, option 4.