Nouns are classified into five types:-
1) Proper Nouns
2) Common Nouns
3) Collective Nouns
4) Abstract Nouns
5) Material Nouns
PROPER NOUNS:-A proper noun is the name of a particular place or a person. Proper Nouns begin with a capital letter.
Hari, Kashmir, India, New Public School, Hong Kong, Parliament etc are all examples of proper nouns.
-- Ram is a farmer.
-- She went to Chennai last week by train.
-- I like reading The Tribune.
-- She likes to play with Riya.
COMMON NOUNS:-A common noun refers to a class or kind without being specific. It is used to name people, places or things in general or common.
Boy, cat, bank, book, pencil, pine-apple, hall, meat etc are examples of common nouns.
-- She likes to write with a pen.
-- He went to the bank to withdraw money.
-- The boy is playing with a ball.
-- Students painted the hall.
COLLECTIVE NOUNS:-A collective noun is the name of a group of persons or things taken together.
Flock, class, crowd, bunch, committee, family, swarm etc are examples of collective nouns.
-- The child was lost in the crowd.
-- She brought a bunch of flowers for me.
-- The family is planning for a picnic.
-- The jury found the man guilty.
ABSTRACT NOUNS:-An abstract noun is basically the name of a quality, an action or state. Abstract nouns cannot be touched, tasted, smelt or seen.
Weakness, sadness, love, beauty, happiness, calm, joy, friendship, manners, wealth, joy etc are examples of abstract nouns.
-- She respected the honesty of the little girl.
-- They showed extreme joy on his success.
-- Rahul felt great lobe for his grandmother.
-- Children are innocent.
MATERIAL NOUNS:-A material noun is a name of a material from which a thing is made or a material which we can see.
Wool, glass, wood, cotton, gold, plastic, paint, paper, rubber, soap etc are examples of material nouns.
-- The door is made of wood.
-- I bought a pink coloured cotton dress.
-- I love to wear gold jewellery.
-- The boy is sitting on astone.
COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS:-
Countable nouns refer to objects or things that can be counted using numbers
One candle – two candles
One cup – two cups
One box – two boxes
One cat – two cats
-- How many colours do you have?
-- He has two cats.
-- He bought five pairs of socks today.
-- She issued a book from the library.
-- Children are playing in the park.
Uncountable nouns refer to objects or things that cannot be counted using numbers
Sugar, wood, heat, honesty, love are examples of uncountable nouns.
-- I like less sugar in tea.
-- Can you give me some information regarding the course?
-- She has long hair.
-- There is no water in the jug.
-- Children are playing with clay.