## FORMULAS:If A and B are in the ratio m:n in a mixture so, whenever some quantity of the mixture is withdrawn, the withdrawn quantity will have A and B in the ratio m:n. If x litres is withdrawn then, in these x litres A = mx/(m+n) B = nx/(m+n)## Repeated Dilution of a Mixture:If a container initially contains V unit of liquid and x unit of liquid is taken out and it is filled with x unit of another liquid, then after n operations, the final quantity of the original liquid in the container is given as V(1-x/V)^{n}Q1) One man adds 6 litres of water to 11 litres of milk and 9 litres of water to 8 litres of milk. What
is the ratio of the strengths of milk in the two mixtures?1) 2:3 2) 3:2 3) 11:8 4) 8:11 Solution: Required ratio = 11:8 Hence, option 3. Q2) Two vessels contain equal quantity of mixtures of milk and water in the ratio 8:9 and 12:5 respectively.
Both the mixtures are now mixed thoroughly. Find the ratio of milk to water in the new mixture so obtained.1) 7:10 2) 10:7 3) 13:21 4) 21:13 Solution: Vessel 1: 8:9 ; Vessel 2: 12:5 Volume of vessels = LCM of (8 + 9, 12 + 5) = 17 litres For Vessel 1: Milk = 8 litres, Water = 9 litres For Vessel 2: Milk = 12 litres, Water = 5 litres On mixing, Milk = 8 + 12 = 20 litres, Water = 9 + 5 = 14 litres Ratio of milk to water = 20:14 = 10:7 Hence, option 2. Q3) The contents of two vessels containing water and milk are in the ratio 3:4 and 5:4 are mixed in the
ratio 1:4. The resulting mixture will have water and milk in the ratio.1) 184:176 2) 167:184 3) 167:148 4) 148:167 Solution: Vessel 1: 3:4 ; Vessel 2: 5:4 LCM of (3 + 4, 5 + 4) = 63 As contents of two vessels are mixed in the ratio 1:4 For vessel 1: Volume = 63 litres Milk = (3/7)×63 = 27 litres, Water = 36 litres For vessel 2: Volume = 252 litres Milk = (5/9)×252 = 140 litres, Water = 112 litres On mixing, Milk = 27 + 140 = 167 litres, Water = 36 + 112 = 148 litres Ratio of water to milk = 167:148 Hence, option 3. ## Download: Practice Questions on MixturesQ4) In a mixture of 60 litres, the ratio of milk and water is 2:1. If the ratio of milk and water is to be
1:2, then the amount of water to be further addded is1) 42 litres 2) 56 litres 3) 60 litres 4) 77 litres Solution: Milk = (2/3)×60 = 40 litres, Water = 20 litres Let x litres of water be added to the mixture so, 40/(20 + x)= 1/2 On solving, x = 60 litres Hence, option 3. Q5) A mixture contains milk and water in the ratio of 9:4. On adding 4 litres of water, the ratio of milk
to water becomes 3:2. Find the quantity of the original mixture.1) 26 litres 2) 18 litres 3) 10 litres 4) 30 litres Solution: Milk = 9x, Water = 4x 9x/(4x + 4) = 3/2 i.e. x = 2 Quantity of the original mixture = 9x + 4x = 13x = 26 litres. Hence, option 1. Q6) A mixture contains milk and water in the ratio of 9:4. On adding 8 litres of water, the ratio of milk
to water becomes 3:2. Find the quantity of the original mixture.1) 26 litres 2) 52 litres 3) 104 litres 4) 30 litres Solution: Milk = 9x, Water = 4x 9x/(4x + 8) = 3/2 i.e. x = 4 Quantity of the original mixture = 9x + 4x = 13x = 52 litres. Hence, option 2. Q7) A bucket contains a mixture of two liquids A and B in the proportion 5:3. If 16 litres of the mixture
is replaced by 16 litres of liquid B, then the ratio of the two liquids becomes 3:5. How much of the liquid B
was there in the bucket.1) 25 litres 2) 15 litres 3) 24 litres 4) 18 litres Solution: Initial mixture: A = 5x, B = 3x In 16 litres of the mixture that is replaced A = (5/8)×16 = 10 litres, B = 6 litres Final mixture: A = 5x - 10, B = 3x - 6 + 16 = 3x + 10 (5x - 10)/(3x + 10) = 3/5 i.e. x = 5 Liquid B = 3(5) = 15 litres Hence, option 4. ## Download: Water Milk Problems in MixturesQ8) A vessel contains liquid A and B in the ratio 7:6. If 26 litres of the mixture are removed and the same
quantity of liquid B is added, the ratio becomes 6:7. What quantity does the vessel hold?1) 142 litres 2) 156 litres 3) 172 litres 4) 182 litres Solution: Initial mixture: A = 7x, B = 6x In 26 litres of the mixture that is replaced A = (7/13)×26 = 14 litres, B = 12 litres Final mixture: A = 7x - 14, B = 6x - 12 + 26 = 6x + 14 (7x - 14)/(6x + 14) = 6/7 i.e. x = 14 Quantity the vessel holds = 13x = 13(14) = 182 litres Hence, option 3. Q9) From a cask of wine, containing 64 litres, 8 litres are drawn out and the cask is filled with water. If
the same process is repeated a second, then a third time, what will be the proportion of wine to water in the
resulting mixture?1) 343:169 2) 343:512 3) 169:343 4) 512:343 Solution: Volume of wine left = Initial volume of wine (1 - x/V) ^{n}Initial volume of wine = 64 litres = V (Volume of the vessel) x = 8 litres; n = 3 times Volume of wine left = 64(1 - 8/64) ^{3} = 343/8 litresRatio of wine to water in the resulting mixture = (343/8)/[64-(343/8)] = 343/169 |